Jim Corbett National Park-The Tiger Den
The Jim Corbett National Park came into existence in the year 1936 as Hailey National Park, first National Park of India. Jim Corbett National Park got its name in 1957, dedicating the legendary British hunter and conservationist Sir Edward James Corbett.
It lies in the foothills of the Himalaya, the Nainital region of Uttarakhand. It spreads over the Nainital district (Ramnagar town) and Pauri Garhwal district of Uttarakhand India. The Park extends up to the total area of 1318.54 sq. km. Its main area of 520.82 sq. km which forms the Jim Corbett National Park. The area of 979.72 sq. km is a protected area for the reserved forest.
It is within lavish green vegetation and diverse mountains with varying heights. The height of hills varying from around 1300 feet to about 4000 feet. So, its entire region involves slopes, muddy touches of gloomy, riverine belts, fields, and a huge lake. Apart from these, two rivers (Ramganga and Kosi) flow through this park. Above all make Corbett the wonder of being India’s most seasoned and most esteemed National Park.
Wildlife- in the Jim Corbett National Park
This Park is a forested wildlife retreat, which is a portion of the Corbett Project Tiger Reserve.
The Corbett National Park is an ideal habitation to a few endangered animal varieties including reptiles, warm-blooded animals, and birds. The Park and its bordering area are very rich in its bird creatures. Corbett Park is home for endangered majestic animals like Royal Bengal Tigers, Asiatic elephants.
Birds-in Corbett National Park
That covers all domestic and migratory birds including a variety of water-birds, woodland birds, and grassland birds.
The woodland Birds are Green Pigeons, Parakeets, Cuckoos, Hornbills, Woodpeckers, which exist in the park. The ground-birds (woodland), the Peafowl, the Red Junglefowl, and the White-crested Kalij Pheasant live in the park. Apart from these, The Black Partridge, Doves, Bea-eaters, Rollers, the Hoopoe, Shrikes, etc are grassland birds of the park.
Besides these, the Resident water birds are Cormorants, Darter, Grey Heron, Egrets, Cattle Egret. The migrant species of water-birds are Geese, Storks (white and black), Ducks, Pelicans (White and Rosey) come to Corbett Park during the winter season. The tunes of birds are especially satisfying to the ear and their vibrant colors enhance the beauty of the forest.
Wild Animals-in Corbett National Park
The park was first to come under the Project Tiger initiative. So, a large number of Tigers exist in this park.
Apart from tigers, a variety of species of Deers, Cats, Bears, Monkeys, and Leopard are surviving in the park. For instance, Deers ( Barking deer, sambhar, hog deer, chital), Cats (Jungle cat, Fishing cat, Leopard) coexist in the park. Besides these Bears ( Sloth Bear, Himalayan Black Bear), Monkeys (Langur and Rhesus Macaques) also roam in the park.
Besides these, other important animals of this park are Indian Grey Mongoose, Otters, Yellow-throated Martens, Ghoral, Indian Pangolins.
Plant and Flowers - in the Corbett National Park
The Jim Corbett National Park has a natural gift in the form of a distinct plant kingdom. In the park, there is a beautiful Patlidun Valley, which is 400 meters above the ocean level. The river Ramganga flows along this valley. That is to say, the diverse plant kingdom turned the national park into the most hunting to relax. Because of its natural beauty, it is the most exquisite site of the National Park.
Sal forest ( covers more than 75% of the total area) Khair and Sissoo are the trees occupy in the Corbett. The Chir Pine is the only conifer upright in the park. The bamboo forest also covers some part of the Corbett forests. Apart from these, flowering trees are Kachnar (pink), Semal (red), Dhak (bright orange), Madara or Indian Coral (scarlet red), and Amaltas (yellow).
Several species of Ber occupies the floor of the Corbett forest. It expands in open areas and provides food and habitat to birds and animals. Maror Phali is a shrub found in Corbett.
Forest Safari- in the den Jim Corbett National Park Zones
The Jim Corbett National Park administration has divided the park into five zones for managing tourism services more effectively. These zones are Dhikala, Bijarani, Jhirna, Dhela, and Duga Devi. Each zone has its own administration to manage tourism activities. So, all zones cover the diverse plant and animals of the forest. That is to say, each zone has its own distinct charm of the forest landscape. All zones organize the forest safari in the morning and in the evening daily. The forest traveling in each zone is approximately the same. Here the essential information about each zone in the den Jim Corbett Park.
Dhikala Zone is the geographically largest zone of Corbett Park. This zone falls at the edge of Patil dun valley. It is more popular among tourists because of its wonderful forest landscape. Only the Dhikala zone offers forest safari by Canter (open roof bus). Apart from this, the zone facilitates forest night stay in the forest rest house located in the deep inside at the center of Dhikala Zone. Besides these, this zone is also famous for birding as plenty of exotic bird species to enrich this zone and offer the amazing bird watching experience.
This zone offers a forest safari by Jeep. It is a comparatively high tiger density zone. Because of this, the Bijrani zone is best for tiger sighting. As a result, this Zone receives the highest number of footfalls of the day visitors. That is to say, the Bijrani zone presents a perfect wildlife attraction for safari travelers. This zone facilitates elephant safari inside the park. For elephant safari first to get inside the park by the Jeep Safari. So, elephant safari is an add-on facility. The large grassland, a thick forest of Sal trees, water streams and riverine all constitute a mesmerizing view of nature in the Bijrani zone.
This zone is at the southern border of the park. Corbett National Park has extended to accommodate the area of Jhirna in 1994. This zone is open throughout the year. As a result, the maximum number of tourists visit this zone for safari. Because besides the Royal Bengal Tiger, there are many other wild animals that graced the zone. Some of them are Indian elephant, wild bears, spotted deer, sambar, barking deer, cheetal, leopards, langurs. A huge variety of domestic and migratory birds also accommodate the park. Because of this, the Dhela zone attracts a large number of fowl enthusiasts in the park.
This zone is the newest added zone to Corbett Park in 2014. It remains open for tourism activity throughout the year. This zone safari conducts safari in the monsoon season also. But the safaris in rainy weather are canceled. The ecosystem and countryside of the Dhela zone are similar to the Jhirna zone and the entry gate to both the zones is the same, which is the Dhela gate. Because a sizeable number of exotic fowl are native to this zone, it is a popular destination for bird watching. In the deep calmness of the forest, one can enjoy their melodious chirping. For visit here, one should make an advance booking for the safari as the Jeeps are limited and thousands of tourists visit there to get the safari in the park every day.
Durga Devi Zone
This zone is a prime attraction for nature enthusiasts because of its hilly view. This zone is at the northeast edge of the Corbett National Park.
Because of its hilly terrain, this zone has a lesser number of tigers compared to other zones. But other wild animals like leopards, elephants, Otters, etc. live plentifully. Additionally, the various water channels of the Ramganga and Mandal river develop the rich beauty of the forest landscape. Because of home to varieties of exotic birds species, it is the best zone for bird watching activities. There is a forest guest house named Lohachaur FRH, for the night stay for wildlife tourists.
Online Booking for Forest Safari-Jim Corbett National Park
Best Time to visit-Jim Corbett National Park
The best season to visit Corbett Park is from October to March. The temperature of this region varies between 4 Degree Celcius ( in winter) to 40-degree Celcius (in Summer).
How to reach? Jim Corbett National Park (First National Park Of India)
Jim Corbett National Park is at Ramnagar in Nainital District of Uttarakhand state. It is 15 km away from Ramnagar town. But it is well connected by Rail and Road to major cities like Delhi, Moradabad, Nainital, Lucknow, etc. Corbett Park is 260 kilometers away from New Delhi. The Ramnagar is the headquarters of Corbett Tiger Reserve.
Jim Corbett National Park by Air: The nearest airport to Jim Corbett National Park airport is Phoolbagh and Pantnagar. It is 78 kilometers away from Corbett Park. Flights from Delhi and Lucknow fly to Pantnagar twice in a week. So, tourists can arrange accordingly. Taxis are easily available from Pantnagar to Jim Corbett.
Corbett Park by Road: Jim Corbett National Park is well connected by road network to major cities of India. The drive from Delhi to Jim Corbett takes five and a half hours. The National Park is at 433 Kms from Lucknow via Bareilly. Route: Delhi – Hapur – Gajraula – Moradabad – Kashipur – Ramnagar – Corbett. Uttarakhand State transport buses ply at a short interval of time from Delhi, Moradabad, Haldwani to Ramnagar.
Jim Corbett By Rail: Ramnagar (15 km away from Corbett Park) is the nearest railway station to Jim Corbett Tiger Reserve. It is well connected to major stations of India including New Delhi. Ranikhet Express is one of the trains that operate daily from Delhi railway station to Kathgodam. Bus or taxi is easily available from the Ramnagar railway station that takes you to Jim Corbett National Park. You can check out Corbett Link Express and Kathgodam Express also.
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